Q&A: Dating of 20th century Chinese Porcelain
I realize most of my pieces are after because they are marked "China". the glaze that gives us a clue to its date but the porcelain body and shape only. Because porcelain production originated in China, Europeans and Americans used Additionally, backstamps offer insight into the date of a piece, since most . 'Made in China' was once the ultimate mark of sophistication for Western porcelain enthusiasts. Specialist Becky MacGuire offers advice on collecting styles that.
A porcelain piece decorated with a dragon was probably made by potters in China or elsewhere in Asia. Landscape scenes did not become a widespread decorative feature on ceramics in general before the 17th century.
Get a Feel Examining the type of porcelain the piece is made from will reveal even more about its origins. For example, the craft of porcelain making was unknown in Europe until the early 18th century, so porcelain purported to be made on that continent before that time simply is not, Lark notes.
Porcelain is also distinguishable from other types of ceramics because it is translucent. Most other kinds of ceramics are opaque—even glassy-looking varieties such as fritware, which has a sand-based ceramic body, and Delft, made with tin to give it the appearance of porcelain.
If you look at the base of a piece, or at the clay interior that might be revealed by a chip, you can also get a sense of whether an object really is porcelain.
Blue and white pottery
In porcelain, the clay fuses and produces a smooth surface even where it's chipped. Read the Blues for Clues The exact color blue on the porcelain is another important clue about where it came from and when it was made. The blue color on porcelain comes from cobalt. During the Ming dynasty, Jingdezhen porcelain become a source of imperial pride.
Collecting Guide: Chinese export porcelain
The Yongle emperor erected a white porcelain brick-faced pagoda at Nanjing, and an exceptionally smoothly glazed type of white porcelain is peculiar to his reign. Jingdezhen porcelain's fame came to a peak during the Qing dynasty. Japanese porcelain[ edit ] Hirado ware okimono figurine of a lion with a ball, Japan, 19th century Nabeshima ware dish with hydrangeasc.
They brought an improved type of kiln, and one of them spotted a source of porcelain clay near Aritaand before long several kilns had started in the region. At first their wares were similar to the cheaper and cruder Chinese porcelains with underglaze blue decoration that were already widely sold in Japan; this style was to continue for cheaper everyday wares until the 20th century. Chinese exports had been seriously disrupted by civil wars as the Ming dynasty fell apart, and the Japanese exports increased rapidly to fill the gap.
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At first the wares used European shapes and mostly Chinese decoration, as the Chinese had done, but gradually original Japanese styles developed. Nabeshima ware was produced in kilns owned by the families of feudal lords, and were decorated in the Japanese tradition, much of it related to textile design. This was not initially exported, but used for gifts to other aristocratic families. Imari ware and Kakiemon are broad terms for styles of export porcelain with overglaze "enamelled" decoration begun in the early period, both with many sub-types.
Based on this I would be prepared to date your cockerel to the later half of the 19th century - but would be interested to know if it has a China-mark. The use of solid black enamel as on the birds tail is something that usually are seen as coming in around the turn of the century.
Colored glaze Colored glaze - like what it seems to have been used on your pigeon and the "sea dogs" are the latest on figures. Colored glaze is just the ordinary porcelain glaze with an extra addition of a coloring agent like cobalt light to dark bluecopper rediron black - brown all the way to celadon and yellow These colored glazes has in one way or another been in use for such a long time it is not the glaze that gives us a clue to its date but the porcelain body and shape only.
Of these two figures I would date both of them to possibly late 19th century from the decoration of the lotus decoration on the sided of their bases and their clumsy un-western like shapes. Had they been more modern, I would have assumed that they would have been more westernized and dog-like in their shapes.How to Shop for Porcelain & China Plates - by Dale Smith
Copper red enamels are a chapter of their own, and are treated as such in the "Glossary" section of this site, and a subject I won't go into here since none of your pictures have one. One dividing line is during the Japanese occupation, another is when they are starting to get a grip of their own on things. A third is in the s after the "cultural revolution". If I may venture a guess here, I think that - they are artistically influenced by Japan and during the s the influences comes from Russia.
How to translate this into different designs - and tell the Chinese pieces apart from the Japanese pieces - is still to be decided, but after a glance at Japanese Netsukes I would say that the sea dogs do have more than a touch of a Japanese flavor in their general appearance. The Russian taste pieces are rather bombastic and heavily overdone by any western standard. Think of Late Victorian and then some. The porcelain body The porcelain body can also tell us something. My thought here is that most porcelain figures was made in one factory The Sculpted Porcelain Factory, in Jingdezhen and because of this, it is possibly to make a chronology.
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Before they have told me, porcelain figures was molded in bisque fired pottery molds. After they started to use gypsum molds which soaks up water better and made it possibly to make lighter pieces, with thinner walls.
The better molds i. As you know this must be done somehow to avoid cracking and warping during the firing. Before I think most pieces were "open" under, that is were resting directly on the base part of the walls.
If this holds true we should therefore suspect that the "sea dogs" who got a base with a hole in can't be older than the s. Generally speaking we can assume that the more work that is done inside the piece, the older the piece.